25,685 Babies Will Be Born In Nigeria On New Year Day; 262,000 babies die at birth annually – UNICEF 

2 January, 2019

Sobering extracts:

- ‘Nigeria’s babiesborn today 1st January 2019 will make up 6.5 per cent of theestimated 395,072 babies that would be born on the day globally, almost 40 percent of all those born in West and Central Africa, and more than 23 per cent ofthose born in sub-Saharan Africa

- ‘a child born in Nigeria today is likely to live only to the year 2074 – 55 years of age. A childborn today in Denmark is likely to live until the 22nd century. “Only childrenborn in three countries of Central African Republic, Chad and Sierra Leonetoday have a lower life expectancy than that of Nigerian children.’

- He said that in Nigeria about 262,000 babies die at birth annually thereby accounting for theworld’s second highest national total, adding that 257 babies also die withintheir first month in Nigeria, compared to globally in 2017, about 1 million babies died the day they were born and 2.5 million in their first month oflife. [*see note below]

- “UNICEF calls forimmediate investment to deliver affordable, quality health care solutions forevery mother and newborn.

READ ON – [https://leadership.ng/2019/01/01/25000-babies-to-be-born-in-nigeria-toda...

‘25,685 Babies Will Be BornIn Nigeria On New Year Day – UNICEF

Ironside noted thatwithin Africa, Nigerian babies would account for almost 40 per cent of allthose born in West and Central Africa, and more than 23 per cent of those bornin sub-Saharan Africa.

BY LEADERSHIP NEWSPAPER JAN 01, 2019 

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has estimated that 25,685babies would be born in Nigeria on New Year Day. Pernille Ironside, UNICEFNigeria’s Acting Representative revealed this in a statement made available tothe News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Monday in Abuja.

He said that the figure placed the country’s babies as making up 6.5 percent of the estimated 395,072 babies that would be born on the day globally.

Ironside noted that within Africa, Nigerian babies would account foralmost 40 per cent of all those born in West and Central Africa, and more than23 per cent of those born in sub-Saharan Africa.

“Globally, over half of the world’s births are estimated to take placein just eight countries, including Nigeria.

”Others are: India 69,944, China 44,940 Pakistan 15,112, Indonesia13,256, United States 11,086, the Democratic Republic of Congo 10,053 andBangladesh 8,428.”

According to him, on current life expectancy rates, a child born inNigeria today is likely to live only to the year 2074 – 55 years of age.

”A child born today in Denmark is likely to live until the 22nd century.“Only children born in three countries of Central African Republic, Chad andSierra Leone today have a lower life expectancy than that of Nigerian children.

“We can and must do more to ensure that children born in Nigeria survivetheir first day of life and are able to survive and thrive for many months andyears to come,” Ironside said.

The UNICEF country representative in Nigeria noted that globally in2017, about 1 million babies died the day they were born and 2.5 million intheir first month of life.

He said that in Nigeria about 262,000 babies die at birth annuallythereby accounting for the world’s second highest national total, adding that257 babies also die within their first month in Nigeria.

Ironside decried that many of these children died from preventablecauses such as premature birth, complications during delivery and infectionslike sepsis and pneumonia.

“In Nigeria today, only one out of every three babies is delivered in a healthcentre, decreasing a newborn baby’s chance of survival.

“This is just one of the issues that need to be addressed in order toimprove the chances of survival of those babies born today and every day.

“As the calendar turns to 2019, UNICEF calls on countries to meet everynewborns right to health and survival.

“Let’s all make a resolution to fulfill right of every child, startingwith the right to survive in this New Year.

“We can save millions of babies if we invest in training and equippinglocal health workers so that every newborn is born into a safe pair of hands,”he said.

Ironside identified 2019 as marking the 30th anniversary of the adoptionof the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

He added that under the convention, governments committed to, amongother things, taking measures to save every child by providing good qualityhealth care.

According to him, over the past three decades, the world has seenremarkable progress in child survival, reducing the number of childrenworldwide who die before their fifth birthday by more than half.

“UNICEF calls for immediate investment to deliver affordable, qualityhealth care solutions for every mother and newborn.

“These include a steady supply of clean water and electricity at healthfacilities, the presence of a skilled health attendant during birth.

“Ample supplies and medicine to prevent and treat complications duringpregnancy, delivery and birth and empowered adolescent girls and women who candemand better quality of health services,” he said.’

Joseph Ana.

AFRICA CENTRE FOR CLINICAL GOVERNANCERESEARCH & PATIENT SAFETY

@HealthResources International (HRI) WA.

National Implementing Organisation:12-Pillar Clinical Governance

National Implementing Organisation: PACKNigeria Programme for PHC

Publisher: Medical and Health Journals;Books and Periodicals.

Nigeria:  8 Amaku Street, StateHousing & 20 Eta Agbor Road, Calabar.

Tel: +234 (0) 8063600642

Website: www.hriwestafrica.com     email: jneana@yahoo.co.uk;  hriwestafrica@gmail.com

HIFA profile: Joseph Ana is the Lead Consultant and Trainer at the Africa Centre for Clinical Governance Research and Patient Safety in Calabar, Nigeria. In 2015 he won the NMA Award of Excellence for establishing 12-Pillar Clinical Governance, Quality and Safety initiative in Nigeria. He has been the pioneer Chairman of the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) National Committee on Clinical Governance and Research since 2012. He is also Chairman of the Quality & Performance subcommittee of the Technical Working Group for the implementation of the Nigeria Health Act. He is a pioneer Trustee-Director of the NMF (Nigerian Medical Forum) which took the BMJ to West Africa in 1995. He is particularly interested in strengthening health systems for quality and safety in LMICs. He has written Five books on the 12-Pillar Clinical Governance for LMICs, including a TOOLS for Implementation. He established the Department of Clinical Governance, Servicom & e-health in the Cross River State Ministry of Health, Nigeria in 2007. Website: www.hriwestafrica.com Joseph is a member of the HIFA Steering Group: http://www.hifa.org/people/steering-group

http://www.hifa.org/support/members/joseph-0

jneana AT yahoo.co.uk

[*Note from HIFA moderator (Neil PW): I was perplexed by the following sentence: "He said that in Nigeria about 262,000 babies die at birth annually thereby accounting for the world's second highest na national total, adding that 257 babies also die within their first month in Nigeria, compared to globally in 2017, about 1 million babies died the day they were born and 2.5 million in their first month of life." I have discussed this with Joseph and the CHIFA moderation team.

1. It is unclear whether the term "die at birth" refers to infants who die before and/or during labour and are stillborn. Does it include infants who are born live but who die within the first minute? or hour? Perhaps the journalist meant to say "stillbirth", which is specifically defined by WHO as 'a baby born with no signs of life at or after 28 weeks' gestation', and which is not synonymous with the term "die at birth".

2. To say "262,000 babies die at birth annually [and] 257 babies also die within their first month" seems to make no sense (257?). The Nigeria Every Newborn Action Plan says (2015 figures): Each year in Nigeria over seven million babies are born, of whom 240,000 die during their first month of life.

The piece is reproduced from Premium Times Nigeria, authored by 'Agency Report'. It illustrates some of the challenges faced by journalists and readers in writing and interpreting basic statistics in news reports.]