It is quite difficult to answer this question and for me any attempt to do justice to it becomes a wild goose chase. Like Julie said we need credible data to start a discussion on this. I suggest members share their experience as it prevails in their respective countries and this should be backed with data. My opinion.
HIFA Profile: Milton Aberinga works with Development Research and Advocacy Center (DRAC), a non governmental organization registered in Ghana, West Africa. It dedicates its services to fighting issues of poor governance, marginalization etc through evidence based research. We work with other CSOs. CBOs, local governments and citizens etc in pursuance of our mission.
dracbolga AT yahoo.com