Diabetes Mellitus in Cameroon

23 November, 2018

Dear colleagues,

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant non communicable chronic disease affecting seriously individuals, families and communities all over the world.

In Cameroon its prevalence is increasing.

The role of health education to improve health literacy levels so as to induce healthy behaviour is important. Most important too is access to and availability of realiable, readeable, quality health information on DM.

The article below is a new study in Cameroon. [*see note below]

*The general public’s knowledge of diabetes mellitus: A cross sectional study in Cameroon*

Nansseu et al. Primary Care Diabetes. Published ahead of print, 2018.

*Objective:* To assess the general public’s level of knowledge on diabetes mellitus (DM) and identify related sources of information in Cameroon.

*Study design:* This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in two health facilities in Yaoundé and Edéa.

*Methods:* We included consenting adults, except health professionals. The level of knowledge on DM was evaluated on 24 points corresponding to 24 questions addressing either DM definition, signs and symptoms, risk factors or complications.

*Results:* Overall, 1524 persons (40.2% males) were included. Almost 99% of respondents had already heard of DM, but only 16.3% had ever received education on DM. The median score for the global knowledge was 79% (IQR 67-88). A person in the close entourage (71.3%) or a health professional (58.8%) constituted the major sources of information; school (13.3%) and media (television (23.6%), newspaper/magazine (10.0%), radio (9.6%) and internet (6.8%) were less common. Younger ages (<45 years), lower levels of education, semi-urban residency, were independently associated with a lower level of knowledge on DM.

*Conclusions:* The general public’s level of knowledge on DM may be satisfactory, though needing to be improved. Schools and media should be capitalized to educate people on DM, targeting especially young adults and the less educated.

Kindest regards,

Didier

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Didier Demassosso

School Counsellor|Mental Health Specialist|Blogger

HIFA Country Representative For Cameroon

HIFA Country representative of the year 2014

MHIN Africa Knowledge Exchange volunteer assistant

Member of the African Evidence Network (AEN)

Cameroon Human Right Fellow 2017

Vonlunteer at the International Association For Counselling

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Tel :(237) 670-14-01-23/694-90-20-29

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HIFA profile: Didier Demassosso is a School Counsellor at the Ministry of Secondary Education in Cameroon. HIFA Country Representative For Cameroon/HIFA Country Represenative of the year 2014 and Mental Health Worker. Professional interests: Health Promotion, Mental Health Promotion, School mental health promotion, School health promotion, Mobile Health, Mental health, Public health, Public mental health, Trauma, Environment,the mind, ICT, Culture, Adolescent/Child health, Maternal health. He is a HIFA Country Representative.

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Email: didier.demassosso AT gmail.com

[*Note from HIFA moderator (Neil PW): The general public’s knowledge of diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study in Cameroon

Jobert Richie Nansseu, Saint-Just N. Petnga, Cedric Paterson Atangana, Alice Sandrine Ossa, Sidney Ndickmuh Ngasa Sangong, Patrick Ebendeng, Jean Jacques Noubiap

https://www.primary-care-diabetes.com/article/S1751-9918(18)30117-7/fulltext ]