Thank you for raising this important point, which we have discussed.
I think that resucitating very premature babies can be a problem in high income countries as well.
With our Commission the Lancet warned us not to try and cover everything, and we decided to leave out the death of children- except for making reference in general terms.
But it could be that we might return to the issue with a second report.
HIFA Profile: Richard Smith is chair of the Lancet Commission on the Value of Death, the Point of Care Foundation (which works to make health care more humane), and Patients Know Best, a company that gives patients control of their health and social care records. He was previously editor of the BMJ and chief executive of the BMJ Publishing Group, chair of icddr,b (formerly International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh), and director of the UnitedHealth Chronic Disease Initiative, a programme with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to create centres in low and middle income countries to conduct research and build capacity in relation to NCD. He blogs regularly for the BMJ and on his own website (https://richardswsmith.wordpress.com).
Email: richardswsmith AT yahoo.co.uk