Noncommunicable diseases in the Region of the Americas: facts and figures

29 August, 2019

With thanks to Alberto Fernandez, HIFA-Spanish lead moderator.

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This new publication from PAHO is available in English and Spanish.

English: http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/handle/123456789/51483

Spanish: http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/51482/OPSNMH19016_...

'The Region of the Americas has an NCD mortality rate of 436.5 per 100,000 population, which ranges from a high in Guyana of 831.4 deaths per 100,000 population, to a low in Canada of 291.5 deaths per 100,000 population. Twenty-two countries have NCD mortality rates above the regional mean, as shown in darker color in the map below. Countries in the Caribbean sub-region exhibit the highest NCD mortality rates in the region, where 7 countries2 have rates above 583.5 per 100,000 population... This booklet presents data on NCD mortality and prevalence of NCD risk factors, by country, for the Region of the Americas. The focus is on the 5 x 5 NCD agenda which includes the main NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases), and mental health (suicide); as well as the main NCD risk factors (tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity), along with air pollution. It includes information on the number and percentage of deaths, age-standardized death rates, premature death from NCDs and the prevalence of NCD risk factors.'

Comment (NPW): It is interesting there is so much variation across the region. The publication provides the 'facts and figures' but there is little in the way of interpretation and implications. Hopefully the data will help inform understanding of the situation and way forward. Part of the solution will be to ensure that the general public, health workers, and policymakers have access to the informastion they need, in a format and language they can understand, to prevent and manage NCDs.

Best wishes, Neil

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HIFA profile: Neil Pakenham-Walsh is coordinator of the HIFA global health campaign (Healthcare Information For All - www.hifa.org ), a global community with more than 19,000 members in 177 countries, interacting on six global forums in four languages. Twitter: @hifa_org FB: facebook.com/HIFAdotORG neil@hifa.org