Open Access (23) A Systems Approach to Open Access Journals and Author Publication Charges (3) Are we under-valuing information and knowledge from key informants?

2 August, 2019

Dear Charles, I enthusiasthically agree with your reflections [*see note below]. Although an "academic" myself, I would extend your reflection to include not only literature reviews from books, but also to cover journal reviews, regardless how updated could be, in the sense that beis deeply biased because they do not include neither information nor knowledge steaming from our local experiences, as if they do not exist, when the facts show the opposite.

Pedro Jesús Mendoza-Arana


Health Systems Research Group - SYSTEMIC

Public Health Department

Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima-Perú.

HIFA profile: Pedro Mendoza-Arana is a university professor and researcher of health systems and economics, at the Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos, Peru. pedro_mendoza_arana AT

[*Note from HIFA moderator (Neil PW): Pedro refers to Charles's blog here:

Here is the opening paragraph:

How do we liberate agriculture and development from academic preferences

July 29, 2019 Charles Dhewa

'Between key informants and literature reviews, which are the most reliable sources of knowledge in developing countries? There is an unfortunate tendency to under-value information and knowledge from key informants like farmers who are coping with climate change. Traders who have seen the informal market surviving several droughts and food processors who have endured hardships associated with collapsing agricultural industries are also less valued sources of wisdom. Although a study that gathers fresh evidence and experiences from these people is more reliable than any literature review, such evidence is considered anecdotal and therefore ranked lower than literature review. The rate at which development is taking place in poor countries remains stagnant because academics and other knowledge workers prefer using stale knowledge in books and journals written before the dawn of software...'

The blog does not specifically relate to open access, but opens up an interesting new question for exploration: Are we under-valuing information and knowledge from key informants?]