'Poor HIV knowledge, fear of HIV test results, HIV-related stigma and social exclusion negatively influenced pregnant women's decision to be tested for HIV.' This is one of th key findings of a systematic review. Unrtunately the text isrestricted access so most of us are unable to learn more.
CITATION: Barriers to uptaking HIV testing among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review of qualitative findings
Review Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Dec;61(6):817-829. doi: 10.1111/ajo.13430. [restricted accss]
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is a gateway to HIV treatment, care and preventive services for pregnant women attending antenatal clinics. Despite this, uptake of HIV testing is not optimal among pregnant women in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and it could negatively impact the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programs. AIM: To understand the factors that hinder the uptake of HIV testing among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in LMICs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the CINAHL, EMBASE, JSTOR, Medline, PubMed and Web of Science electronic databases was performed. We limited the search to peer-reviewed qualitative studies including mixed method studies. The titles and abstracts of the retrieved publications were screened for relevance then information was extracted. RESULTS: Our search yielded 2179 citations, out of which 312 full-text articles were reviewed and 22 studies that met the eligibility criteria were included in this review. We found that a lack of HIV testing kits, poor health infrastructure and shortage of healthcare workers were the main health system-related factors. Poor HIV knowledge, fear of HIV test results, HIV-related stigma and social exclusion negatively influenced pregnant women's decision to be tested for HIV. CONCLUSION: This review has identified that pregnant women faced a wide range of health system, individual, social and lack of women's empowerment related challenges that negatively influenced the uptake of HIV testing among pregnant women in LMICs. Our findings would be useful in developing strategies to overcome barriers that could enhance the uptake of HIV testing among pregnant women.