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Menstruation (15)

1 November, 2022

This is a troubling, hopeful, constructive, and temporally-tempered issue that amid diverse (global) culture - history, and contemporaneous experiences must (obviously!?) be future-facing:

(As before...) This thread provides evidence for the relevance of Hodges' model especially (but not solely) the vertical axis of:




The model can provide a sensitive barometer (of holistic bandwidth) to help us negotiate how we engage with the community and individuals, as children, adolescents ... (with parents/guardians, teachers) youths, or as clients, patients, members of the public, policy makers, community leaders...

The INFORMATION in 'HIFA' means that ignorance in all its forms (personal, must be considered across the above axis - and the model's horizontal axis:


"Pluralistic ignorance is a socio-psychological phenomenon that involves a systematic discrepancy between people's private beliefs and public behavior in cer tain social contexts. Recently, pluralistic ignorance has gained increased attention in formal and social epistemology. But to get clear on what precisely a formal and social epistemological account of pluralistic ignorance should look like, we need answers to at least the following two questions: What exactly is the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance? And can the phenomenon arise among perfectly rational agents?"

Bjerring, J.C., Hansen, J.U. & Pedersen, N.J.L.L. On the rationality of pluralistic ignorance. Synthese 191, 2445-2470 (2014). hhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-014-0434-1

'Sensitivity' in our ['nursing' here] approach must also take into account the context and the HUMANISTIC dimensions arising from the culture, society, context within which 'we' are situated.

It is *not* suffice to say - there are more Western derived sources regards the history here:

Tilt, E. J. (1851). On the Right Management of Young Women: Before the First Appearance of Menstruation. Provincial Medical and Surgical Journal (1844-1852), 15(6), 148-150. http:///www.jstor.org/stable/25492892

Oestrus, Ovulation, And Menstruation. (1923). The British Medical Journal, 2(3285), 1167-1168. http://www..jstor.org/stable/20435144

The SDGs, Social and Commercial Determinants of Health all highlight the need for 'progress' as does female genital mutilation and the related global aims of:

Health for all

Universal Health Coverage

Health and Financial Literacy (access to fiscal means)

Education for girls

Toilets - Sanitary provision


If I can help disseminate news on this I would be pleased to assist:





Kind regards,

Peter Jones

Community Mental Health Nurse, Tutor & Researcher

Warrington Recovery Team, NW England, UK (Mon-Tues)

Blogging at "Welcome to the QUAD"



HIFA profile: Peter Jones is a Community Mental Health Nurse with the NHS in NW England and a a part-time tutor at Bolton University. Peter champions a conceptual framework - Hodges' model - that can be used to facilitate personal and group reflection and holistic / integrated care. A bibliography is provided at the blog 'Welcome to the QUAD' (http://hodges-model.blogspot.com). h2cmuk AT yahoo.co.uk