Updates on Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition and COVID-19 – excerpts from scientific journal articles – 17 December 2020

18 December, 2020

NEW Updates on Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition and COVID-19 – excerpts from scientific journal articles – 17 December 2020

Dear Colleagues,

We have updated our scientific repository<https://nam02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fhopkins.... Since our last update Thursday 10 December 2020, we have added 110 NEW publications for December (53 new), November (30 new), October (13 new), September (5 new), August (3 new), July (2 new), June (1 new), and May (3 new).

Click here to view the updated repository<https://nam02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fhopkins...

Individual months are located on the right-hand side, and new additions are marked in blue. To find the publication or topic of your interest, you can search in an individual month file using the Ctrl+F keys.

All publications provide emerging evidence related to COVID-19 and

* Child health (from neonates to adolescents)

* Maternal health (pregnant women, women of reproductive age)

* Breastfeeding and Infant feeding

* Nutrition (related to MCH)

In addition to several international reviews, this update provides emerging evidence from the United States, India, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Brazil, Kyrgyzstan, China, the United Kingdom, Israel, Japan, Spain, Uganda, Italy, South Africa, French Guiana, Sri Lanka, Denmark, Argentina, Qatar, Iran, Korea, Kenya, Greece, the West Indies, Iraq, Peru, and Jordan.

Thirty-two new articles focus on COVID-19 and pregnancy. New publications evaluate the safety of medications used to manage COVID-19 in pregnant women. Others explore the potential effect of SARS-CoV-2 on vitamin E levels during pregnancy. Multiple studies report decreases in prenatal care visits during the COVID-19 pandemic in comparison to previous years. A longitudinal study was announced that will follow a cohort of pregnant women in the US throughout the pandemic, examining prenatal care, maternal mental health, and birth outcomes. Researchers will then follow the health and brain development of children born in this cohort until age 10 years. A survey of midwives in Spain who care for pregnant women with COVID-19 described the fear, anxiety, and loneliness expressed by the women they care for; another article describes a new app developed to support pregnant women and new parents during the pandemic with the goal of alleviating anxiety and stress of adjusting to parenthood in isolation.

Thirteen new articles focus on vaccination issues. New publications frequently discuss considerations for administering COVID-19 vaccines to pregnant women. Since many women will have to weigh the risk of COVID-19 with the unknown effects of the vaccine on fetal development, clinicians should encourage informed patient choice. In light of these evidence gaps, an observational study in the US was announced to help evaluate the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women. Other publications examined the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on childhood immunization rates for measles mumps and rubella, influenza, pneumococcal disease, tetanus, and diphtheria. Another article discusses delays in care-seeking among refugee mothers in Kenya due to fear of COVID-19, impacting the routine immunization of their children. Recent publications provide communication strategies and talking points to address vaccine hesitancy in parents.

Nine articles were added concerning hyperinflammatory syndromes in children, such as MIS-C/PMIS and Kawasaki Disease (KD). New publications discuss the observed differences in D-dimer levels between pediatric patients with MIS-C and those with COVID-19 alone; others point to acute gastro-intestinal pain and persistent fever as potential warning signs of PIMS-TS/MIS-C. Other topics include mucocutaneous findings and immune abnormalities seen in children with MIS-C. Recommendations are provided for addressing potential shortages in medication, ventilators, respirators, hospital beds, and pediatric intensivists, should a rise occur in pediatric COVID-19 or MIS-C/PIMS-TS cases this winter.

This is by no means an exhaustive list! Look out for our next update Tuesday, 29 December, 2020. Currently, we have over 3800 publications in the repository.

We also have a specific repository only on COVID-19, Breastfeeding, Infant Feeding, and Breast Milk.<https://nam02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fhopkins... The next update for that will be Friday, 18 December 2020. If you know anyone who would benefit from any of these updates, please let me know.

Happy reading!

Mija Ververs

Mija-tesse VERVERS

Emergency Response and Recovery Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta

Hopkins Center for Humanitarian Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Baltimore

USA (+1) 443-707-9769 email: mververs@cdc.gov<mailto:mververs@cdc.gov> and mververs@jhu.edu<mailto:mververs@jhu.edu>

CHIFA profile: Mija Tesse Cora Ververs is a Health Scientist (CDC), Senior Associate (Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health) Johns Hopkins Center for Humanitarian Health, United States.

Email: mververs AT jhu.edu