Coronavirus (1436) COVID-19 vaccines development in Africa (2)

19 February, 2022

Dear All,

The High Income Countries (HICs) are conducting whole population covid-19 vaccination, including children from age of 5 years, and galloping to removal of entire covid-19 restrictions, mostly because of they have effective vaccines in excess, and the pandemic appears to be receding. But the Lower, Low and Middle Income Countries (LLMICs) in which all 54 countries of Africa belong, can only dream of even vaccinating their elderly and other adults (who are more at risk of Covid virus infection and death), why? They cannot produce vaccines and are too poor to buy what they need! That is what makes this article an interesting read. Is the HIC decision evidence informed and what risk does the world face when majority of the global population are in LLMICs?


COVID-19 vaccines development in Africa: a review of current situation and existing challenges of vaccine production


Following the development of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines and the launching of vaccination, the World Health Organization has reported that the African Continent is lagging in the race to vaccinate its population against the deadly virus. The Continent has received a limited number of vaccines, implying that vaccine production needs to be scaled up in Africa. In this review, we summarize the current situation concerning COVID-19 vaccine development in Africa, progress made, challenges faced in vaccine development over the years and potential strategies that will harness vaccine production success.

Clin Exp Vaccine Res. 2022 Jan;11(1):82-88. English.Published online Jan 31, 2022,

Joseph Ana

HIFA profile: Joseph Ana is the Lead Consultant and Trainer at the Africa Centre for Clinical Governance Research and Patient Safety in Calabar, Nigeria, established by HRI Global (former HRIWA). In 2015 he won the NMA Award of Excellence for establishing 12-Pillar Clinical Governance, Quality and Safety initiative in Nigeria. He has been the pioneer Chairman of the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) National Committee on Clinical Governance and Research since 2012. He is also Chairman of the Quality & Performance subcommittee of the Technical Working Group for the implementation of the Nigeria Health Act. He is a pioneer Trustee-Director of the NMF (Nigerian Medical Forum) which took the BMJ to West Africa in 1995. He is particularly interested in strengthening health systems for quality and safety in LMICs. He has written Five books on the 12-Pillar Clinical Governance for LMICs, including a TOOLS for Implementation. He established the Department of Clinical Governance, Servicom & e-health in the Cross River State Ministry of Health, Nigeria in 2007. Website: Joseph is a member of the HIFA Steering Group and the HIFA working group on Community Health Workers.

Website: Joseph is a member of the HIFA Steering Group and the HIFA working group on Community Health Workers.

Email: and